New Flight Rules for Hudson River Airspace Take Effect
November 19, 2009 — The FAA’s changes for aircraft operating in Hudson River airspace near New York City are now in effect. The new procedures separate low-altitude, local aircraft flights over the Hudson River from flights transiting through the river airspace and will define separate corridors for aircraft operating locally and those flying along the Hudson River area. "Separating aircraft on different missions and improving pilot situational awareness will add more layers of safety to this high-demand airspace," said FAA Administrator Randy Babbitt.
The rule also now requires pilots to follow safety procedures that were previously recommended, but were not mandatory. In a new Special Flight Rules Area over the Hudson and East Rivers, pilots must maintain a speed of 140 knots or less; turn on anti-collision and aircraft position/navigation lights, if equipped; self-announce their position on specific radio frequencies; and carry current charts for the airspace and be familiar with them.
In an exclusion zone below 1,300 feet over the Hudson River, pilots must announce their aircraft type, position, direction and altitude at charted mandatory reporting points and must stay along the New Jersey shoreline when southbound and along the Manhattan shoreline when northbound.
Pilots transiting the Hudson River must fly at an altitude between 1,000 feet and 1,300 feet, while local flights will operate in the lower airspace below 1,000 feet.
The rule also will incorporate provisions of an October 2006 Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) that restricted fixed-wing aircraft in the exclusion zone over the East River to seaplanes landing or taking off on the river or those specifically approved by FAA air traffic control.
All three updated pilot charts that local fixed wing and helicopter pilots use for navigation now include these airspace changes. The FAA also has developed an online training program that covers flight operations in the New York area.