Certain Electronic Flight Display Failures Now Reportable to NTSB
The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) this month issued a final rule document in the Federal Register that modified when a pilot must report an accident or incident. The changes include most electronic flight display types such as Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) displays, Engine Indication And Crew Alerting System (EICAS) displays, Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitor (ECAM) displays, Primary Flight Display (PFD), and Primary Navigation Display (PND). The NTSB requires these changes if more than 50 percent of the cockpit displays experience a complete loss of information. The reportable criteria does not include flickering.
The change is effective on March 8, 2010. All aircraft accident/incident reporting to the NTSB should be completed using NTSB Form 6120.1 – Pilot/Operator Aircraft Accident/Incident Report. To locate your closest NTSB office for filing the accident/incident report, go to this website.
The following is a complete list of the revised Part 830 accident/incident mandatory reporting requirements (per the Federal Register, January 7, 2010):
PART 830--NOTIFICATION AND REPORTING OF AIRCRAFT ACCIDENTS OR INCIDENTS AND
Subpart B - Initial Notification of Aircraft Accidents, Incidents, and Overdue Aircraft
Sec. 830.5 Immediate notification. The operator of any civil aircraft, or any public aircraft not operated by the Armed Forces or an intelligence agency of the United States, or any foreign aircraft shall immediately, and by the most expeditious means available, notify the nearest National Transportation Safety Board (Board) field office when:
(a) An aircraft accident or any of the following listed incidents occur:
(1) Flight control system malfunction or failure;
(2) Inability of any required flight crewmember to perform normal flight duties as a result of injury or illness;
(3) Failure of any internal turbine engine component that results in the escape of debris other than out the exhaust path;
(4) In-flight fire; or
(5) Aircraft collide in flight;
(6) Damage to property, other than the aircraft, estimated to exceed $25,000 for repair (including materials and labor) or fair market value in the event of total loss, whichever is less.
(7) For large multiengine aircraft (more than 12,500 pounds maximum certificated takeoff weight):
(i) In-flight failure of electrical systems which requires the sustained use of an emergency bus powered by a back-up source such as a battery, auxiliary power unit, or air-driven generator to retain flight control or essential instruments;
(ii) In-flight failure of hydraulic systems that results in sustained reliance on the sole remaining hydraulic or mechanical system for movement of flight control surfaces;
(iii) Sustained loss of the power or thrust produced by two or more engines; and
(iv) An evacuation of an aircraft in which an emergency egress system is utilized.
(b) An aircraft is overdue and is believed to have been involved in an accident.
(8) Release of all or a portion of a propeller blade from an aircraft, excluding release caused solely by ground contact;
(9) A complete loss of information, excluding flickering, from more than 50 percent of an aircraft’s cockpit displays known as:
(i) Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) displays;
(ii) Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS) displays;
(iii) Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitor (ECAM) displays; or
(iv) Other displays of this type, which generally include a primary flight display (PFD), primary navigation display (PND), and other integrated displays;
(10) Airborne Collision and Avoidance System (ACAS) resolution advisories issued either:
(i) When an aircraft is being operated on an instrument flight rules flight plan and compliance with the advisory is necessary to avert a substantial risk of collision between two or more aircraft; or
(ii) To an aircraft operating in class A airspace.
(11) Damage to helicopter tail or main rotor blades, including ground damage, that requires major repair or replacement of the blade(s);
(12) Any event in which an aircraft operated by an air carrier:(i) Lands or departs on a taxiway, incorrect runway, or other area not designed as a runway; or
(ii) Experiences a runway incursion that requires the operator or the crew of another aircraft or vehicle to take immediate corrective action to avoid a collision.