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Sonerai Cowl Flap
By Bill Evans, EAA 794228, EAA Chapter 266
June 2017 - At one point we took a full-size cardboard replica of the firewall to plan exactly where everything needed to go to fit it all in. That model needed to be redone several times to make everything fit. Even so, things are tight and must be assembled in a certain order for access. Several components were moved around for the alternator and cowl flap.
In the same way, space in a Sonerai cockpit is at a premium and one cannot just add or change an item without it affecting space for the pilot. Thus, the cowl flap lever needed to be installed on the same pivot shaft as the throttle.
Cowl flap lever
The long lever is the one for the cowl flap. It is longer because the cowl flap travel is 6 inches or more. Because the cowl flap opens against the airstream, the cable needs to be pulled to open and pushed to close. Regrettably, the cowl flap lever motion is opposite to the throttle, which is push to open the throttle. The shorter lever with a black knob is the throttle. The red knob in the photo is for elevator trim. There is no simple way to configure everything the same for takeoff. One can see that checklists are needed.
Because of that 6-inch cowl flap travel, the cable mechanism must follow the bellcrank mounted on the firewall.
On the aft (right) side of the firewall there is an aluminum L bracket onto which the cable sleeve is mounted. That L bracket pivots at the forward end to align the cable sleeve with the bellcrank. Thus, the cable assembly moves vertically when the cowl flap is operated. The pivot for that L bracket is toward the left of the L bracket. In the photo, the cowl flap would be closed.
Cowl flap in the open position
Cowl flap in the closed position
There is quite a bit of total adjustment in the mechanism such that if the cowl flap needed to be opened farther than 6 inches, it could be adjusted to open 3 inches farther. If that was not enough, a longer pushrod could be used for that purpose. Our calculation is that 6 inches will be enough for extended climb and in the hottest weather for 130 mph cruise climb. An increase of say 50 hp does that for you. Normal climb is about 80 mph.
We’ve never kept a time record, but that cowl flap and mechanism have been dragging on and off for more than a year. It’s one thing to design something, and another to get it to work.
With the installation of the cable and connecting the bits today, all the items remaining are electrical, either installations or connections. We count the Facet fuel transfer pump as electrical. Engine and cockpit electrical will be dealt with in separate parts.